Why Do My Light Bulbs Keep Burning Out?
Although incandescent light bulbs typically have lifespans from 1,000 to 3,000 hours, many people have light fixtures in their home that burn through bulbs at a much faster rate. If you've had to replace light bulbs in the same fixtures time and time again, this week’s entry is for you. While burned out bulbs are sometimes the fault of defective products, often this blame is misplaced. Why not rule out other causes and possibly save yourself the expense of a new light? Below are a few reasons light bulbs routinely burn out.
Bulbs are Improperly Connected to the Fixture
Although this might sound like a “face palm” reason, it happens. You could be screwing in your bulbs too tightly. If you rolled your eyes at that, keep in mind that even if you yourself didn’t screw your light in too tightly, someone else may have at one point in the fixture’s life and ruined the fixture-to-bulb connection. In this case, it’s time to purchase a new fixture. However, the fixture-to-bulb connection might also be disrupted because of the particular brand of light bulb you’re using. Sometimes, cheaper bulbs have little or no solder on the contact point of the bulb. Verify your bulb’s operation in another fixture to see if the issue lies with the bulb or fixture.
Fixtures are Vibrating Too Much
Another reason your lights could be burning out quickly is because they’re subject to excessive vibration. Fixtures may undergo excessive vibration under a variety of circumstances, but common causes are wobbly ceiling fans or a fixture that’s placed beneath a kid’s room or exercise room. To fix this, consider using a rough service bulb or upgrading to a 130-volt long life light bulb, both of which have thicker filaments that can handle the stress. You may even consider an LED light, since LEDs don’t have filaments to begin with (not to mention they’re more energy efficient).
Bulbs are Getting Too Hot
Even if you purchased a bulb in the right wattage, your bulb could still be burning out from excessive heat. This is usually the case if you’re using a bulb that is too large for your fixture or when you are using the wrong bulb in an enclosed fixture. Although a larger bulb with the right base type may readily screw into a fixture, a fixture that’s designed to operate a smaller bulb may not be able to adequately disperse heat throughout it. If you think this may be your problem, make sure you're using the right size bulb for your fixture, or try using a bulb with a lower wattage instead.
Your bulb could also overheat if you’re using it in a covered recessed fixture that is simply not getting enough ventilation (lots of dust on the bulb or in the wiring can exacerbate this as well). In this case, you would need to double check your bulb to make sure it’s approved for use in an enclosed fixture. If it is and the problem persists, you may need to replace your recessed can fixture. One way to check to see if your bulb is getting too hot is to check the area around where the bulb meets the fixture insulation for signs of heat damage, even if your bulb does not itself appear damaged.
High Voltage in the Home
If you have several fixtures in your home that go through light bulbs within a few months, then the problem may be that you have too much electricity entering your home. Although we’ve been taught that electricity flows into our homes at a steady 120 volts, that’s not always the case. Sometimes a house is actually a little overpowered. For nearly everything else in your house that runs on electricity, this isn't an issue, but for light bulbs, it can seriously shorten their life spans. If you think this may be the problem, purchase a voltage tester to check the voltage of your home. Fluctuation is normal, but if you see a voltage that typically hovers above 125, chances are you’ve found the culprit. In most cases, the best thing to do is swap out your 120 volt bulbs with 130 volt bulbs. But if many of your fixtures are producing burned out bulbs, it may be a more long-lasting solution to call an electrician for advice about correcting your voltage supply.
Fixtures or Wiring were Poorly Installed
If you’ve tried everything else and are still sailing through light bulbs, it may be because your fixtures or even your wiring was poorly installed. Cut the power to your light fixture, remove it from the junction box behind it, and check to make sure all of the wire connections are nice and tight. A loose wire can result in wildly fluctuating current through the bulb, which can kill a light bulb in days. If your wires are tight and your fixture is well connected yet your light still isn't working, your problem most likely lies elsewhere.
Have you already ruled out these causes and your lights are still burning out? We’ll confer with our lighting experts and help you figure it out! Tell us about your situation below in the comments or via Facebook, Twitter, Google Plus, LinkedIn or Pinterest!